哈伦·法罗基 Harun Farocki 德国 Germany

哈伦·法罗基 Harun Farocki 德国 Germany

《工人离开工厂》,1995年,艺术家提供图片 Workers leaving the Factory, 1995, ©Harun Farocki 《工人离开工厂》是电影史上第一部公开放映的电影的名字。时长45秒,这部片子展现了里昂卢米埃兄弟的摄影产品工厂里的工人,摩肩接踵,匆匆从工厂大门的阴影中走出来,进入到下午的阳光里。只有在这里,工人们匆匆离去,他们才可视为一个社会群体。但是,他们要去往何处?去参加一个集会?还是遇见一个街垒?或是回家?这些问题被一代又一代的纪录片制作人所关注。工厂大门前的空间则一直被当做社会冲突的场景。而且,这部片子已成为电影史上叙事媒介的一个代表作品。在法罗基关于纪录片所作的同名文章中,他通过电影史探讨了这个场景。这一努力的结果就是成就了一篇从摄影媒介本身出发的出色电影分析,范围涉及广泛,从卓别林的《摩登时代》到弗里茨·朗的《大都会》,再到帕索里尼的《寄生虫》。如法罗基的电影所示,卢米埃兄弟的片子在其内部就蕴含着可预见的社会发展之萌芽:这种形式的工业劳动会终将消失殆尽。(克劳斯·格林豪恩,Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung,1995年11月21日)。 Workers Leaving the Factory - such was the title of the first cinema film ever shown in public. For 45 seconds, this stillexistant sequence depicts workers at the photographic products factory in Lyon owned by the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumière hurrying, closely packed, out of the shadows of the factory gates and into the afternoon sun. Only here, in departing, are the workers visible as a social group. But where are they going? To a meeting? To the barricades? Or simply home? These questions have preoccupied generations of documentary filmmakers. For the space before the factory gates has always been the scene of social conflicts. And furthermore, this sequence has become an icon of the narrative medium in the history of the cinema. In his documentary essay of the same title, Harun Farocki explores this scene right through the history of film. The result of this effort is a fascinating cinematographic analysis in the medium of cinematography itself, ranging in scope from Chaplin's Modern Times to Fritz Lang's Metropolis to Pier Paolo Pasolini's Accattone!. Farocki's film shows that the Lumière brothers' sequence already carries within itself the germ of a foreseeable social development: the eventual disappearance of this form of industrial labor. (Klaus Gronenborn, Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung, November 21, 1995)

《工人离开工厂》,1995年,艺术家提供图片
Workers leaving the Factory, 1995, ©Harun Farocki
《工人离开工厂》是电影史上第一部公开放映的电影的名字。时长45秒,这部片子展现了里昂卢米埃兄弟的摄影产品工厂里的工人,摩肩接踵,匆匆从工厂大门的阴影中走出来,进入到下午的阳光里。只有在这里,工人们匆匆离去,他们才可视为一个社会群体。但是,他们要去往何处?去参加一个集会?还是遇见一个街垒?或是回家?这些问题被一代又一代的纪录片制作人所关注。工厂大门前的空间则一直被当做社会冲突的场景。而且,这部片子已成为电影史上叙事媒介的一个代表作品。在法罗基关于纪录片所作的同名文章中,他通过电影史探讨了这个场景。这一努力的结果就是成就了一篇从摄影媒介本身出发的出色电影分析,范围涉及广泛,从卓别林的《摩登时代》到弗里茨·朗的《大都会》,再到帕索里尼的《寄生虫》。如法罗基的电影所示,卢米埃兄弟的片子在其内部就蕴含着可预见的社会发展之萌芽:这种形式的工业劳动会终将消失殆尽。(克劳斯·格林豪恩,Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung,1995年11月21日)。
Workers Leaving the Factory - such was the title of the first cinema film ever shown in public. For 45 seconds, this stillexistant sequence depicts workers at the photographic products factory in Lyon owned by the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumière hurrying, closely packed, out of the shadows of the factory gates and into the afternoon sun. Only here, in departing, are the workers visible as a social group. But where are they going? To a meeting? To the barricades? Or simply home? These questions have preoccupied generations of documentary filmmakers. For the space before the factory gates has always been the scene of social conflicts. And furthermore, this sequence has become an icon of the narrative medium in the history of the cinema. In his documentary essay of the same title, Harun Farocki explores this scene right through the history of film. The result of this effort is a fascinating cinematographic analysis in the medium of cinematography itself, ranging in scope from Chaplin's Modern Times to Fritz Lang's Metropolis to Pier Paolo Pasolini's Accattone!. Farocki's film shows that the Lumière brothers' sequence already carries within itself the germ of a foreseeable social development: the eventual disappearance of this form of industrial labor. (Klaus Gronenborn, Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung, November 21, 1995)

哈伦·法罗基 
1944 年生于被德国占领的捷克斯洛伐克,1966 年至 1968 年就读于西柏林的德国电影电视学院。除了在柏林、杜塞 尔多夫、汉堡、马尼拉、慕尼黑和斯图加特出任教职以外, 法罗基还是加州大学伯克利分校的客座教授。法罗基制作 了将近 90 部影片,其中包括三部剧情片、散文电影以及纪 录片等。他还以编剧、演员和制片人的身份与其他电影导 演进行合作。1976 年,他与汉斯·齐施勒在瑞士巴塞尔排 演了海纳·穆勒的剧作《战役》和《拖拉机》。法罗基自 1966 年以来为多家刊物撰稿,并于 1974 年到 1984 年间 担任慕尼黑《电影批评》杂志编辑并为其撰稿。他的影片 在国内外很多影展中放映,他的影像装置也在多家博物馆 与画廊中展出。 
Harun Farocki
Harun Farocki was born in 1944 in German-annexed Czechoslovakia. From 1966 to 1968 he attended the Deutsche Film- und Fernsehakademie Berlin (DFFB). In addition to teaching posts in Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Manila, Munich and Stuttgart, he has been a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Farocki has made close to 90 films, including three feature films, essay films and documentaries. He has worked in collaboration with other filmmakers as a scriptwriter, actor and producer. In 1976 he staged Heiner Müller’s plays The Battle and Tractor together with Hanns Zischler in Basel, Switzerland. Since 1966 he has written for numerous publications, and from 1974 to 1984 he was editor and author of the magazine Filmkritik (München). His work has shown in many national and international exhibitions and installations in galleries and museums. 
 

冯梦波 Feng Mengbo 中国 China

冯梦波 Feng Mengbo 中国 China

兰博·卡勒卡 Ranbir Kaleka 印度 India

兰博·卡勒卡 Ranbir Kaleka 印度 India